Alexander the Great (Megas Alexandros) was a Macedonian king and general. Son of Philip II, he became king when his father was assassinated. Alexander would go on to conquer a huge expanse of land extending from Greece to the Indus river, completely destorying the Persian empire and founding the largest land empire in ancient history in the process. Using the superior infantry formation of the greek phalanx he routed armies more than five times that of his own. Alexander’s military achievements have gained him eternal glory as being one of the most recognizable figures in the world close to that of Jesus.